History

Corieltauvi People

The earliest settlement in Nottinghamshire is thought to be the Corieltauvi People. It is believed that they lived in the caves as the rock was made from Sandstone which was easy to cut holes in.  They lived very simple lives. When the Roman arrived n AD 43 they chose not the fight them as they believed they would be protected from the Celts.

Romans – AD 4 –AD410

The Romans Arrive in Nottinghamshire around AD 79  – They did  not settle here but  built Fosse Way which is a road connecting Lincoln to Leicester. Roads were very important the romans. The roman rule in Nottingham was a peaceful one they left the Corieltauvi to carry on in their usual ways.

Anglo – Saxon – AD450- 1066

The Saxons Arrived around A450 and Settled on where lace market is today.  The Saxon Colony became known as Snotegaham after Mr.Snot who was the first village chieftains. Saxons were mostly farmers and settled in the Trent Valley.

Snotegaham Nottingham was part of the kingdom of Mercia. The king was king Penda who was defeated by Offa who was rich and this allowed him to forge Britain’s first gold coins. The Wessex Kin Egbert conquered Mercia after Offa’s death.

The Vikings – AD 865 -1066

Vikings came to Nottingham in AD 865 When it was given to the Vikings by King Burghred after he was being threatened to be invaded by the king of Wessex.

The Vikings conquered a large area of eastern England and the area became known as Danelaw. Many Villages still have a lot of Danish Names such as Newthorpe.

The Vikings wanted Nottingham because of its hillsides made it easy to protect but King Edward’s Army recaptured the city. Nottingham went from being a village to a town.

Medieval Times 1066 -1485

William the conqueror ordered  a wooden castle to strengthen his defences.

The Normans (French)  settle out the Hounds gates which became known as French borough.

The lace market where the Saxon’s  lived became known as the English borough.

After a century had passed the stronger stone castle replaced the wooden  one and the cave underneath  made good dungeons.

Robin Hoyde / Robin Hood

There is no evidence to proof that Robin Hood actually exicted  the story  has been passed down generation to
Robin Hood Statuegeneration and the story has been altered for books and films. In the original story friar Tucke was not in it Though it has not been proven  it still has a place in history in Nottingham as there are roads such as Maid Maian way etc..

Plague

Nottingham did not escape the Black plaque that was around between 1588 and 11647. People were turned away  from the town and many people died.

Civil War

The Civil War broke out in 1942 . It was a struggle between the royalist and the parliamentarians. The war started when King Charles 1 was in Nottingham and who had  his flag flown as high as he could..The parliamentarian’s took Control of Nottingham and Royalist took control of Newark. The parliamentarians then destroyed Nottingham Castle and Newark Castle. civalwar

Georgian – 1714 ad 1837

In the Georgian times  Nottingham was changing drastically. Steam power meant that thing could be done faster and bigger. In 1820 Nottingham became the main centre in Britain for manufacturing lace. The Rayleigh company was set up during this time as well as the Chemist Boots

Riots

In 1831 there was a riot due to people wanting more voting rights They set fire to both Nottingham castle and Colwich Hall. . Eventually the government gave in and the reform act was passed.

Word War 2

During the Second World War many parents sent their children to the country side to avoid the air raids. On the 8th and 9th of May 1941 the Germans launched the Nottingham blitz which would see 424 bombs dropped and 140 people killed. .Nottingham Blitz

In the 1980 the coalmines closed and new ways of living need to be found. Today many people work fo r the government. A people also work at the Queen Medical  Centre and The Nottingham University.

Nottingham has a great history. This is just a snippet of what there is to learn.

Thanks to Ian Douglas – History of Nottingham Book.

For more info on Nottinghams History

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Nottingham

http://www.bbc.co.uk/nottingham